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Effective employment policies: ensuring employment opportunities for women
Gender equality in the labour market and in employment assumes equal access of both women and men to all opportunities provided by the market (remunerative work in general, all kinds of activities, various work places, etc.). Despite positive changes in promoting equality between women and men achieved during Uzbekistan`s independence, ensuring gender equality in the country`s labour market continues to remain among the issues to be addressed. According to the State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Statistics, women`s participation in the labour market is lower: the level of their economic activity is 8.3 percentage points less than the corresponding indicator for men and the employment rate is 9.1 p.p. lower than men`s. Women make more than half of the registered unemployed. There is high gender segregation in employment across sectors of economy and professions.
The goal of this policy paper is to analyze the existing position of women and men in employment, define and analyze key causes of gender differentiation in the country`s labor market and develop recommendations on increasing the effectiveness of the state employment policy to ensure full realization of labour potential of women.
read morePublished by: UNDP
Published date: 30/01/2013
Promoting the Employment of Persons with Disabilities in Uzbekistan: Challenges and Prospects
The number of people with disabilities in Uzbekistan is more than 780,000 where 97,000 are under 16.
The economic benefits of employing people with disabilities, along with the benefits to the state, are significant. Besides the economic importance of employing people with disabilities, it is also important to recognise the social benefits of their employment, both for themselves and their greater community.
Employment can result in not only financial independence, but can also lead to self-realisation, improved confidence and self-esteem, and a greater sense of contribution to society’s development. The employment of people with disabilities can offer improved opportunities for communication and socialisation, while helping to overcome the unfortunate stigmas and stereotypes that exist in society.
In this regard, it is necessary to identify efficient economic and social measures to ensure that Uzbek citizens with disabilities can find gainful employment. It is also necessary to analyse the associated legal, regulatory and institutional arrangements, while ensuring that people with disabilities are employed and Uzbekistan’s employment services comply with best international practices.
This study is divided into three chapters. The first chapter will follow this discussion by outlining best international experience associated with tackling issues related to the employment of persons with disabilities. The second chapter discusses the criteria used to identify the factors that determine the employability of people with disabilities, particularly those that relate to social, legal, regulatory and institutional factors. Finally, the third chapter will offer recommendations regarding how the current situation can be addressed and improved. read morePublished by: UNDP
Published date: 28/09/2012
Road Construction: The current state and prospects for the participation of the private sector
The policy brief provides critical analysis of the current status of road construction and operation in Uzbekistan, explores private sector involvement in this industry and recommends set of legal and regulatory measures to boost private participation in the sector. A public-private partnership mechanism has been recommended as a potential model widely used in many countries to attract private funds and meet growing demand for infrastructure investments into road construction industry.read morePublished by: UNDP / Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Published date: 16/01/2012
Policy Brief #2, 2010 - Rural Economic Development
This Policy Brief addresses rural economic development in Uzbekistan, which is taken to include both agriculture and the rural non-farm economy. It does not, however, address agricultural land tenure or cotton under the state procurement. These are clearly significant aspects of agricultural policy and have major influence on rural economic development and on rural income.read morePublished by: UNDP
Published date: 10/11/2010
Policy Brief #1, 2010 - Textile industry of Uzbekistan
The policy brief documents the efforts of the Government on development of the textile industry and important achievements in this sphere. However, it also highlights a number of barriers related to availability of cotton to local manufacturers as well as low marketability of produced fabric and apparel. Cotton and yarn remain one of the main export products, delivered to foreign markets with low added cost.read more
Published date: 04/10/2010
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