Institutional aspects of rational land use and protection
Multi-country Capacity Building Project of the Central Asian Countries Initiative for Land Management (CACILM) jointly with the Legislative chamber of Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan and National University of Uzbekistan organized a scientific-practical workshop on recent achievements of local scientists in the area of soil fertility improvement and rational land resource utilization.
The Workshop was attended by a broad range of participants including members of the Committee on agricultural and water issues of the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis, representatives of interested ministries and state agencies, international organizations, scientific-research institutions, NGOs and etc. During the workshop participants discussed institutional aspects of rational land use as well as presented the latest scientific researches and analyses in the area of soil erosion and fertility improvement.
The issue of land degradation caused by erosion processes is extremely actual and pressing in Uzbekistan. Irrational land use without proper considering of specific soil formation factors which differ from region to region, deforestation, uncontrolled overgrazing, salinization and other factors further aggravate erosion processes and result in change of natural soil cover, reduction of its fertility, diminishing of agricultural crops productivity and decreasing of their quality.
Comprehensive scientific research in the area of maintaining sustainable level of soil fertility, forecasting and creating conditions, required for growth and development of agricultural crops, need deeper analyses of soils’ physical, agrochemical and biological activity. Works of young scientists presented during the workshop were of a particular interest for participants. In addition the workshop Agenda included presentations of representatives of international agricultural organizations to share international practices in the area sustainable land use. As an outcome of the scientific-practical workshop several recommendations on institutional aspects of rational land use were developed and adopted.