Visiting seminar on Earth Day
To celebrate the Earth Day scientists and students, farmers and journalists and as well as representatives of organizations and agencies for rural development took part in a forum on “Innovation 2012: collaboration in sphere of education, science and production” with showcasing of practical lessons on ecological restoration of salty lands and increasing of soil fertility.
Land degradation and desertification are acute and vital issues in Uzbekistan. The main problems are salinity, soil erosion, deflation, deforestation and the reduction of biological productivity. For example, according to Goskomgeodezcadastre, salted lands are compose 66% of the total irrigated lands area. So the solving these issues is of urgent need.
Participants of the visiting forum-seminar got to know the newest domestic technologies in the field of land degradation. Event’s program included presentations on goals, methods, approaches and advantages of the best practices in the sphere of sustainable land management.
“Dissemination of the best practices in the sphere of sustainable land management will help to benefit from the accumulated experience and ensuring sustainability of results. In the long run this will lead to improving productive of lands and improving living standards of population that depend on such resources” – said Natalya Shulgina, National coordinator of the Multi-country Capacity Building Project.
In order to demonstrate best practices, the guests travelled to fields to see farms that successfully use agrotechnologies for salty lands. Licorice plantations on high salty and previously abandoned lands of the farm in Havast district roused special interest of participants. This technical crop has good demand and in a long run perspective will allow to decrease of lands salinity. In addition, participants visited a demonstration center on biogas technologies, located in a cattle farm. The medium size biogas installation is successfully supplying the energy needs of the farm. At the same time, use of bio fertilizers improve soil conditions and increase 20-30% crop yield.